GEEF 2019

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Global Engagement & Empowerment Forum on Sustainable Development (GEEF) 2019

A Call to Action: Empower People, Share Prosperity

February 14-15, 2019
Yonsei University, Seoul

Program at a Glance

Thursday, February 14 Friday, February 15

Opening Ceremony

Plenary Session on Sustainability and Future Cities

Hosted by Research Institute of Future City and Society, Yonsei University

Sponsored by Future Consensus Institute (Yeosijae) In partnership with The Seoul Institute

SDG5 Advocacy Ceremony

Plenary Session on Health

Special Roundtable on Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation

Plenary Session on Women’s Empowerment

Hosted by Ban Ki-moon Centre for Global Citizens

Parallel Sessions I

Desertification Financing for the SDGs International Young Scholars' Perspectives II
Quality of life, Governance for Future Cities University Social Responsibility and SDGs PyeongChang Agenda for Peace 2030

Parallel Sessions II

Children’s Rights Biomedical Innovation and Access to Medicines International Young Scholars' Perspectives II
Technology for Future Cities Academia and PPP for SDG Implementation Youth As Partners to Achieve the SDGs

Program in Detail

  • Thursday, February 14, 2019
  • Friday, February 15, 2019
09:00 Registration Opens

Opening Ceremony

Masters of Ceremony:

  • Lee Yeon Ho, Professor at Yonsei University
  • Monika Froehler, CEO of Ban Ki-moon Centre for Global Citizens

[Welcome Remarks by Co-hosts]

  • Kim Yong-Hak, President of Yonsei University
  • Heinz Fischer, 11th President of Austria
  • Lee Mikyung, President of KOICA

[Keynote Speech]

  • Sebastian Kurz, Chancellor of Austria
  • Park Won-soon, Mayor of Seoul

# Venue: Concert Hall, Centennial Hall

13:10 - 13:25 SDG5 Advocacy Ceremony
13:25 – 15:05
15:05 – 15:20


15:20 – 17:30
08:00 Registration Opens
09:00 – 10:40
10:40 – 11:00 Break
11:00 – 12:40
12:40 – 13:40
13:00 – 14:30

Parallel Sessions (1)

Host Venue Theme
Future Forest B125
(Grand Ballroom A)
IGEE in partnership with MDBs B126
(Grand Ballroom B)
IGEE B145 (IBK Hall)
Yonsei University B146 (KJH Hall)
USRN(University Social Responsibility Network) B147 (Helinox Hall)
PyeongChang Global Peace Forum B165 (Global Lounge)
14:30 – 15:00 Coffee Break
15:00 – 16: 30

Parallel Sessions (2)

Host Venue Theme
Save the Children Korea B125
(Grand Ballroom A)
Open Society Foundation (OSF) B126
(Grand Ballroom B)
IGEE B145 (IBK Hall)
KDI School & Yonsei University B147 (Helinox Hall)
IGEE with Sam Okyere B165 (Global Lounge)


This program is subject to change without notice.

Lunch is not provided.



Women’s Empowerment for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Thursday, 14 February 2019 – Centennial Hall, Yonsei University


1. Background and Rationale

Around the world today, women and girls are still left behind and excluded from full participation in society at many levels. According to UNESCO estimates, 130 million girls between the age of 6 and 17 are not in school. The share of illiterate women has not changed for the past 20 years, with two-thirds of the world’s 774 million illiterate adults being women. Despite a growing number of women entering political positions in recent years, women account for a mere 23.8 percent of parliamentary seats. In the private sector, women occupy less than a third of senior and middle management positions worldwide.

Increasing gender equality will contribute to achieving more inclusive and sustainable development in all other sectors. Improving access to higher education and decent jobs for women and girls can help in overcoming barriers to progress by allowing women to have a greater voice and influence in advancing their own needs, interests, and priorities. The extent to which gender equality is achieved depends on the actions taken by all stakeholders, including governments, civil society, and businesses.

Early and sustained engagement with women and girls should be a priority rather than an afterthought. In the era of globalization and multiculturalism which is transforming our society with a flow of diverse ideas, cultures, and religions, women are faced with a new set of roles and challenges. This period of transition offers a unique window to break the cycle of women’s marginalization and to make significant strides towards their inclusion. To this end, this session will serve to highlight the importance of women’s empowerment and gender equality for inclusive and sustainable development.

2. Key Message

Achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment, which is Goal 5 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is integral to all dimensions of inclusive and sustainable development. Enhancing the role of women as drivers of poverty reduction, fostering female leadership in both the public and private sectors, and recognizing the link between gender equality and safeguarding human rights, are key to bringing about the necessary changes.

This session intends to raise awareness of the benefits of empowering women worldwide and to create an enabling environment for them to play a more active role in society by taking a much more proactive and collaborative approach on all levels. It will gather leading female high-ranking officials and professionals from across the globe to share their experiences and insights on the immense potential of women to bolster economic growth and the importance of women’s leadership and empowerment, even during difficult times. It is thus our objective to bring voices of women together in the promotion of solidarity in the pursuit of gender parity and the rights of women.

The host of this session, the Ban Ki-moon Centre for Global Citizens (BKMC), aims to empower women and youth by supporting them to thrive as global citizens that actively tackle global issues and seek for ways to implement and advance the SDGs. The Centre’s Co-chairs and Board Members have actively spoken out in international conferences and forums, tackling issues and urging leaders of the world to make changes. BKMC CEO Monika Froehler will moderate this session, which will provide opportunities for the audience to discover how strengthening women’s societal impact and position will advance the interconnected global goals. By facilitating conversation and debate among the high-level speakers, the session will deliver synergized ideas to expedite the pursuit of gender equality and the consolidation of the rights of women as human rights.

3. Panel
  • OH Joon | 71st President of UN Economic and Social Council
  • Helen CLARK | 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • Armida Salsiah ALISJAHBANA | Executive Secretary of UNESCAP
  • Irina BOKOVA | 10th Director-General of UNESCO
  • KWON Insook | President of Korean Women’s Development Institute
  • Kati IHAMÄKI | Director of Corporate Sustainability at Finnair

4. Possible Questions

Objective: To underline the importance of women’s empowerment to achieve inclusive and sustainable development.

Ms. Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana
Asia and the Pacific remains the engine of global economic growth and is at the forefront of fight against poverty. However, women in the region continue to face discriminatory policies, social and cultural barriers and the gender gaps. How can we narrow these gaps and increase the capacity of women living in this region? How can we enhance women’s economic empowerment, integrate gender concerns into national planning and budgetary processes, and promote the value of women’s transformative leadership?

Ms. Helen Clark
UN data shows that, on a global scale, the percentage of women in single or lower houses of national parliament has increased from 19 per cent in 2010 to around 23 per cent in 2018. You have also continuously emphasized that “having women in leadership positions not only sends a powerful message to other women but also changes societies’ perceptions of gender roles and encourages girls to believe that no door is closed to them.” As one of the few female politicians elected as New Zealand’s Prime Minister and former UNDP Administrator, why would you say this is the case and what further actions need to be taken on a global, national, and local level?

Ms. Irina Bokova
Having initiated global citizenship education during your previous tenure as the Director General of UNESCO, how would you define the term ‘global citizenship’ and what role do you think that the notion of global citizenship plays in achieving gender equality? You have mentioned that “gender equality benefits everyone, not just women” and that “it is an accelerator of political, economic and social transformations,” saying that it is a global priority for UNESCO and a personal commitment. How does women’s empowerment contribute to advancing the overall SDGs other than SDG 5?

Mr. Mahmoud Mohieldin
The World Bank Group considers that no country, community, or economy can achieve its potential or meet the challenges of the 21st century without the full and equal participation of women and men, girls and boys. How can the public and private sectors cooperate to close the gender gaps? The World Bank reports that human capital wealth could increase by 21.7 percent globally, and total wealth by 14.0 percent with gender equality in earnings. How can we achieve this?

Ms. Ăsa Regnér
UN Women has actively involved men in raising awareness and tackling gender inequality through multiple campaigns such as HeForShe. What role should men have in addressing gender inequality and how is their involvement important? Eradicating gender-based violence and sexual harassment has also been one of the main priorities of UN Women. What can individuals do to help eradicate violence towards women?


Friday 15, 2019 – Grandballroom, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Background and Rationale

In the 21st century, cities are becoming the central organizational form for human societies. Around 3 million people are moving to cities every week and half of the world population are now living in cities. Urban population constituted only 10% of global population before industrialization, but it is expected grow from currently about 4 billion to 6.5 billion in 2050. With the increasing urbanization, corresponding urban infrastructures are growing and, in conjunction with advancing digitalization, the opportunities for efficiency gains are increasing.

Despite the progress and development of cities, people do not consider deeply about acute challenges that are faced by many cities around the world in managing rapid urbanization, from ensuring adequate housing and infrastructure to support increasing populations, to confronting the environmental impact of urban sprawl. In fact, the hubs of unsustainability on this planet are the large cities created by conglomerates, mass production, and mass consumption within our industrialized civilization.

The city of the industrial revolution has now become a major cause of global warming with high levels of ambient air pollution. According to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Report 2018, 91 per cent of the urban population worldwide breathing air did not meet the World Health Organization air quality guidelines value for particulate matter (PM 2.5) in 2016. While rising global inequality continues to widen the gap between the rich and poor, the high cost of housing makes it impossible for the young and creative to reside in cities. In the midst of this endless competition propelled by large cities’ industrialized civilization, lone deaths are increasing in many large cities around the world.

Yet, people and knowledge gather in cities to attain creativity and innovation. With rapid technological advancements in recent years, the idea of a smart city is not as far-fetched as it once seemed. There are already 180 projects around the world that were developed under the name, “smart city.” A more sustainable and efficient urbanscape will be well within reach with the development of the internet of things (IoT) and big data analysis. It is essential to create new cities for humanity and, in particular, for a new civilization who will be moving to cities in the future.

2. Key Messages

In this plenary session, the motivation is to primarily discuss on the concepts of future and smart cities in terms of sustainability for the future generation by connecting technology and humanity, which encompass all 17 Sustainable Development Goals. In particular, SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), a stand-alone goal on cities, aims to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

During the discussion, the concept of a so-called “new civilization” will be suggested as a solution for unsustainability, such as climate change, pollution, inequality, poverty, and loss of humanity triggered by industrialization in cities. Initiated by Future Consensus Institute (Yeosijae), the new civilization is based on a view that the post-industrial civilization must embrace and unleash the transformative potential of digital technology, promote the well-being of humanity, and mark an end to unsustainability. Therefore, this session intends to raise awareness of and advance the advent of the new civilization which provides a blueprint for a new world order.

Speakers will share their ideas and knowledge to create a new residence for the next generation under sustainable development. To have a more concrete idea about the new civilized city, there will be an in-depth discussion on the role of business, technology, and the humanity to overcome fundamental crises that arise from industrialization. As a part of humanity, discussions on how to improve the community life and encourage people to participate in building new civilized cities are fundamental. Overall, there should be a concrete solution to manage the issues of decent job, education, and medical services in the new civilized cities by connecting technology and humanity at the same time.

3. Participants
  • BAN Ki-moon | 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • SEO Wang-Jin | President of Seoul Institute
  • LEE Kwang-Jae | President of Yeosijae, Republic of Korea
  • OH Soo-gil | Professor at Cyber University of Korea, Member of the Committee for Seoul’s Sustainable Development
  • KIM Dong Ju | Professor at Yonsei University, Former President of KRIHS (Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements)
  • Manuel Tunon DE LARA | President of University of Bordeaux
  • KIM Se Ho | 10th Vice-Minister of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Republic of Korea
  • LEE Kwang-Jae | President of Yeosijae, Republic of Korea
Draft CONSCEPT NOTE (drafted As of Dec. 7, 2018)

Parellel Session

Host: Future Forest & Samsonite
Time :11:30~13:00,Friday, February 15
Venue : Grand Ballroom B (accommodates 160 audience)
Subject : Desertification and Sustainable Land Management in NE Asia and North Korea
Modality: Panel Discussion :
Language : English and Korean (simultaneous translation)

Desertification and land degradation rapidly and severely destabilize lives and livelihoods. Knowing the immense potential of productive land for food-, water- and human- security, the international community is intensifying its efforts towards achieving a land degradation-neutral world by 2030.
How could such efforts best complement the ongoing engagement of the North and the South Koreas to build long-term peace and cross-border understanding and cooperation?
And how could such efforts can overcome impending barriers, including the sanction of the United Nations Security Council against the North Korea?

After briefly reviewing current situation in the North-east Asia in general and the North Korea in particular, the panelists will be invited to talk on the hot issues related to land degradation, desertification, sustainable land management, ecosystem protection, watershed management, drought disasters and reforestation in the DPRK and the NEA.

Panelists, representing each party (the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, The the South Korean Government, the MoLEP of North Korea (proxy), the World Agroforestry Center (implementing Agency), Future Forest( NGO as Funding Agency) and UN ESCAP, present its respective position, followed by an interactive discussion.

Finally, Panel forges out practical measures/approaches/solution and produces possible recommendations and suggests other bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements or partnerships under the strategic framework of the UNCCD on land degradation neutrality, 15.3 target of the UN SDGs

  • Dr. HORI Yukie, Spokesperson and Communication Team Leader of UNCCD
  • Mr. KO Ki Yeon, Director General, International Cooperation Department, Korea Forestry Service
  • Dr. XU Jiian Chu, Regional Cordinator, East & Central Asia Programme of ICRAP, World Agro-Forestry Center
  • Mr. YANG Youlin, Regional Cordinator, Regional Coordination Unit for Asia,UNCCD (Bangkok)
  • Dr. MOON, Dae Keun, Vice Chair, Unification Committee of Korea(UCOK) (Ms LEE K. S. Tentative)
  • Moderator: Mr. KWON, Byong Hyon, Dryland Ambassador of UNCCD, Chairman of Future Forest


Friday, February 15, 2019 – Grand Ballroom B, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The motivation for this parallel session is recognizing the critical need and relevant issues for discussing how to finance in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). There is a growing understanding that attainment of the SDGs by 2030 is closely related to the development agenda of each country. In particular, the global community, including international agencies such as the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and United Nations (UN) agencies, could help in meeting financial requirements to achieve social, economic, and human development in developing countries. The discussion on how to mobilize financial resources from both public and private sources is one of the key components for each country to achieve the SDGs.

2. Background

The SDGs open up an incredible amount of investment opportunities, amounting to trillions of dollars. However, the financing gap persists despite growing efforts to meet these investment needs. A key component for achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will be the leveraging of both public and private investments. This will not only require the guidance of the SDGs (including SDG 17), and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA), but also the cooperation of numerous stakeholders including governments promoting enabling environments for increased financing and investment; the private sector for long-term investment; and champions of innovation for financing the SDGs.

Furthermore, the sustainability of the financing must not be overlooked. Sustainable investment and flows of resources from governments, international financial institutions (IFIs) and the private sector are vital. In contrast, the flow of resources into unsustainable practices through the transformation of incentive structures should be mitigated through regulation and legislation to dwindle the attractiveness and returns from such investments.

Since 2015, there has been a surge in mobilizing resources for the SDGs. Policymakers, regulators, and market participants are all taking initiative towards building and supporting a more sustainable financial system. The growth of sustainable finance can be seen through the exponential growth of green bonds and the development of financial instruments in light of the SDGs. Additionally, shifts by the private market participants began at the reinvention of their business model; assimilating environmental, social and governance factors that demonstrate the realignment of the investors’ priorities.

The Republic of Korea (ROK) has taken measures in supporting the achievement of the SDGs not only at the domestic level, but also at the international level through official development assistance (ODA). ROK’s active role in knowledge sharing with its own developmental success and the lessons drawn, plays a key role in the action for supporting the SDGs. Furthermore, ROK’s Second Mid-term ODA Policy 2016-2020 outlines the commitment of the total volume of ODA to increase from 0.14% to 0.2% of GNI by 2020, exceeding the provision of the sectoral needs in the inclusive approach for the SDGs.

Despite this progress, the momentum is slow and insufficient. Sustainable finance remains to be a small proportion of the overall financial activity in private markets. The mainstreaming of sustainable finance has taken its initial steps; thus, the actualization of the benefits and the progress made must be emphasized and encouraged.

In the same light, the financing gap for the SDGs is tremendous and urgent. The mobilization of public resources in the global South falls short in meeting the 2030 Agenda. Other shortcomings that stagnate the progress is the limited capacity in weak, underdeveloped financial systems in many developing countries, which creates a barrier in financial instruments available for mobilizing private resources.

The key priorities that remain underfunded are: sustainable infrastructure; modern, efficient, and renewable energy systems; transportation; waste and water management systems. “Deep changes” across both business and financial, as well as public and private sectors must be called on for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.

3. Objectives
  • Discuss bilateral and multilateral financial resources available for achieving the SDGs in developing countries
  • Identify and propose new financial modalities to secure financial resources for the SDGs
  • Discuss innovative financing schemes, including promoting private financial resources, combining with social responsibility of business sectors
  • Secure financial resources for the capacity building programs of developing countries to achieve the SDGs in a comprehensive manner
4. Panel
  • Oh-Seok Hyun | Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance, Republic of Korea (Moderator)
  • Jakob Hallgren | Ambassador, Embassy of Sweden to the Republic of Korea
  • Sadiq M. Marafi | Ambassador and Permanent Representative, Embassy of the State of Kuwait to the Federal Republic of Austria and the Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Vienna
  • Christoph Heider | President, European Chamber of Commerce in Korea
  • Chang Huh | Director-General, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Republic of Korea
  • Jaehyang So | Senior Advisor, Office of the Senior Vice President, 2030 Development Agenda UN Relations & Partnerships, World Bank Group
  • Woochong Um | Director-General, Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department, Asian Development Bank
  • Robert Dawson | CFO, Green Climate Fund
  • Tae Yong Jung | Professor, Yonsei University, Republic of Korea


Friday, February 15, 2019 at 1:00 – 2:30 pm – Helinox Hall, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The Sustainable Development Goals are a powerful call to action and a collective aspiration to work together to address the grand challenges of our time by the year 2030. Universities as generators of new knowledge and educators of young people inevitably play a pivotal role in achieving many of the SDGs and not just simply SDG4 on quality education. At the heart of the SDGs is the essence of inclusion – with its inspiring statement to “leave no one behind”. It is here that higher education and its related stakeholders can contribute to realising this ambition by embedding the SDGs into their education, research, leadership, operations, administration and wider engagement activities. Universities have a unique societal position through being powerful influencers of our next generation and cultivators of talent. Universities also possess significant cultural and financial assets that can serve as the foundation of strong communities. The SDGs provide the higher education sector with an unrivaled platform to converge with governments, business, and the wider community to raise awareness of the grand challenges accelerate action on the 17 SDG goals.

2. Key Message

The panel comprises select members of the University Social Responsibility Network (USRN), a unique network of higher education institutions from around the world dedicated to the integration of social responsibility into teaching, research, and engagement in an endeavour to develop solutions for economic, social and environmental challenges in our word. The panel will discuss examples of how universities are embedding or aligning SDGs with their core activities in teaching and also research.

3. Objectives
  • To discuss how universities can embed SDGs into their teaching, research, administrations and wider engagement activities
  • To share good examples of work being done in universities that is congruent with the SDGs
  • To explore how universities can contribute to the SDGs through our wide knowledge in different academic disciplines
4. Panel
  • Professor Wei LI | Head of Center for Strategic Environmental Assessment, Beijing Normal University
  • Dr. Grace NGAI | Associate Head, Office of Service-Learning, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Dr. Fernando Diego PALACIO | Program-Specific Senior Lecturer, International Strategy Office, Kyoto University

1. (Moderator) Dr. Alison LLOYD, Co-Chair, Executive Committee, University Social Responsibility Network; Director of International Affairs Office, Director of Institutional Research and Planning, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

As Director of International Affairs, Alison oversees the strategic development and coordination of international partnership, international recruitment, mobility opportunities, and institutional relations. As Director of Institutional Research and Planning, she steers strategic planning, performance monitoring, university rankings, business intelligence, and analytics.

Prior to joining The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, she was a Management Consultant in Deloitte and a boutique consulting practice in Hong Kong. Her previously consulting engagements cover strategy, business process review and improvement, performance management frameworks and change management for both private and public sector organizations in Hong Kong and Asia.


Friday, February 15, 2019 at 3:00 – 4:30 pm – Global Lounge, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The motivation for this parallel session is to awaken the awareness of the world for the importance of students’ participation in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Nowadays, humanity faced a new level of challenge throughout the world. These are difficult to overcome with the solutions we have in the current society, but rather require those which are revolutionary and interdisciplinary. There has been a consensus, in the various agents of the international society, that it is important that all societies need to recognize the critical need on SDGs and this will contribute to the entire humanity. Yonsei University students are making a lot of efforts to lead this global trend and contribute to the Republic of Korea and the international community.

Youth Participation introduces student organizations at Yonsei University that realize SDGs at home and abroad for values of the future mankind. They pursue new levels of contribution in the field of addressing poverty, the environment, education, and health care in a creative and professional way. Their vision for sustainable human development requires sincere support and attention.

2. Objectives
  • Acknowledge the present global issues in the field of poverty, climate, education and medical service at the level of humanity
  • Introducing Yonsei university representative of youth groups engaging in social service.
  • Receive feedbacks from global mentors in order to seek for progressive and improving ways for the group.
  • Promotion for the break through of global issues that can be achieved not by Youth endeavors but only by bigger scale supports
3. Panel
  • Arrey Obenson | Mentor for Youth Participation, Secretary General of the Junior Chamber International (TBC)
  • Michael Sheldrick | Mentor for Youth Participation, Vice President, Global Policy and Government Affairs at Global Citizen (TBC)
  • Jihye,Yang | Green Campus: Developing Climate Literacy among Students and Local Communities, Yongreen
  • Karamatdinova Perizat | Health for all the people of the world, Uichung
  • Hohyeong, Lee | Reducing Inequality through Yonsei Hope Expedition, YMDU
  • JinHyuk, Lee | Rescue patients for Disaster Medical Cost by student, Rhythm of Hope
  • HyungWon, Suh | Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC), Jeongdam
  • Sohyun, An | We strive to achieve a trash-free world, Team YeS
1. Moderator
  • Sam Okyere | A television personality in South Korea (TBC)

2. Panelists
  • Arrey Obenson | Secretary General of the Junior Chamber International

  • Michael Sheldrick | Vice President, Global Policy and Government Affairs at Global Citizen

  • Jihye, Yang | Vice President of Student Environmental Group “Yongreen

  • Sohyun, An | 3rd Year Undergraduate, Culture and Design Management and International Studies at Yonsei University
    Contents Planner, Communicator, Project Manager
    Leader of Team YeS

  • JinHyuk, Lee | CEO of NPO “Rhythm of Hope”.
    4th Year Undergraduate, Social Welfare Department at Yonsei University
    Film director, Social worker. Documentary producer.

  • HyungWon, Suh | 4th Year Undergraduate, Underwood Division Economics & Political Science at Yonsei University
    Researcher of Jeongdam
    Program Manager, Social Activist, Designer

  • Karamatdinova Perizat | Member of Medical Volunteering club “Uichung”
    3rd Year Undergraduate, Nursing Department at Yonsei University

  • HoHyeong, Lee | Leader of “YMDU”
    3rd Year Undergraduate, College of Education at Yonsei University

3. Discussion


Since the adoption of the 2016 Paris Agreement, 175 Parties agreed to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping the rise in global temperature well below 2 degrees celsius. As the member of the Paris Agreement, Republic of Korea has devised and implemented many policies regarding infrastructure for lower carbon emission, and also formulated various industrial guidelines. Although we fully understand and realize that the government and the public sector’s role is crucial, we believe that the general public’s interest and awareness of the environmental problems are also essential for the robust development of the green communities in South Korea.

“Yongreen”, as a leading environment club in Yonsei University, have embarked on various activities to mitigate the climate change in university and at local level: green campus awareness campaigns and local/community education. Through our green education toward every level of students - middle, high school students, and university students – and continuous environment campaigns in and out of school, we aim to increase the “climate literacy” among young people and decrease the carbon emission and the increment of the wastes in the universities and local communities.

Team YeS

Meet Team YeS, a project group of four Yonsei undergraduates that tackles the social problem of urban littering. We have one aim: to enhance the public’s level of environmental awareness through the gamification of garbage management. We strive to achieve a trash-free world through our creative solution, “YeSKit,” a set of eco-friendly tools and kits devised to create a world free from overflowing waste. We envision a greener Seoul unfettered by the the burdens caused by ill-managed trash disposal.

The core of Team YeS chimes in with that of SDG 12 in that it entrusts the public and corporates with the responsibility to change their daily patterns in a way that builds a better world. Rather than taking up a macro-approach of creating and institutionalizing the urban infrastructure, we believe in incentivizing the individual citizen to lead a better lifestyle themselves. Team YeS believes in the power of the individual as the changemaker.

Rhythm of Hope

There is "Rhythm of Hope", a non-profit organization in Korea. It started in 2014 with a Yonsei University's student media volunteer club. Rhythm of Hope has been founded by talented artists who kept considering ways to contribute to society. Their major project is to create fund-raising contents(scenario preparation, video production, etc.) on behalf of small social welfare institutions, hospitals and local governments that cannot afford to hire professional personnel. After creating the fund-raising content, They launch an online campaign in Korea and transfer all donated fund to beneficiaries without any additional charge. Rhythm of Hope has been successfully raised 171 online funds in Korea so far. The total amount raised was $ 1.13 million.

In last year, They received an exceptional request for aid from the Quang Nam Charity Association in Vietnam. The Quang Nam Charity Association is a charity organization that works for Quang Nam region. Upon hearing an urgent request for help, they prepared airfare and accommodation expenses from thier organization's budget and visited Vietnam to take picture/video in August and produced fund-raising contents. Rhythm of Hope is established to construct the last social safety net with a media volunteer.


We want THE citizens: 'Jeongdam' is a non-profit organization that seeks to provide students with the Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC).

Despite the global consensus on the importance of the EDC, the public education of Korea has yet to meet its demands, and young Koreans grew up to be given responsibilities and rights which they are unacquainted with. This organization, responding to the needs of a quality EDC in Korea, designs EDC programs to equip the future generations with the experience and the power to become the autonomous participants of a democratic society.

We design to learn FUN: Jeongdam dedicates to creating a new form of EDC.

Through the gamification of EDC, we pursue an independent learning and a practical real-life experience of the students. The students while they play the game will unconsciously find interest in solving the problems of the society and grab a sense of how the democracy functions in the real life.

We reach ALL: Jeongdam includes all young Koreans.

Providing a quality EDC is important, but what’s more important is providing a quality EDC to all youths. No matter where they live, whether they be inside school or outside school, all youths should be and will be equally provided with quality EDC through this project. We plan to reach all possible young Koreans we can; beyond the schools and all over the country.


With the belief that the education is the foundation to all SDGs and that the EDC in particular is the stepping stone for the establishment of justice and democratic peace in the world, Jeongdam would like to present following agendas for the discussion.

- Review the current EDC and other democratic citizenship related projects of the different countries - Build a recognition and an awareness on the importance of the quality EDC

- Share the visions on the global cooperation to promote a democratic citizenship through the education, especially that of the young generations

- Propose other complementary approaches to enhance a democratic citizenship of the youths along with the EDC


WHO made the “Alma-Ata Declaration” in The International Conference on Primary Health Care. This declaration promotes “Health for all the people of the world”. The ninth Global Conference on Health Promotion, based on Alma-Ata declaration, took place in Shanghai, in 2016. It was decided to promote health to achieve SDGs from that time.

Uichung is medical volunteering club, including students of Medical and Nursing departments. We are trying to achieve the SDG Goal 3. Therefore, we are working with foreign workers, homeless people, and elderly people living alone who need health care. We do check vital signs, make health assessment, and educate patients (our objects) and other people, help to improve mental health, assist in providing clothes, food and medicine. We bring out conditions of patients and discuss what kind of education we should provide to them, what we can do to give them motivation to be healthy. We are interacting with a doctor, who helps us to make a correct diagnosis. Therefore, we can provide accurate care.

Moreover, SDG Goal 3 tells that everyone should have good health. Nowadays the health status of refugees has become a big issue. Basic health care is provided for them, but it is difficult to cure mental health of refugees. We are going to discuss what can do students to solve this problem


One distinct characteristic of South Korea is that educational, social, and cultural assets are overly focused in capital cities. Recognizing this as an urgent social problem, “Yonsei Hope Expedition” was organized in order to help reduce such gap as university students, relating to the 10th SDG, “Reduce inequality within and among countries.”

Such project has been going on for 14 semesters now, and I believe that we have indeed made certain differences. However, I believe that our project can expand to reducing inequalities not only within our country, but among countries as well, just like the goal of the 10th SDG. Yonsei Hope Expedition is not limited to educational material and it does not have restrictions on the programs. Therefore, I believe that it has the full potential to reduce inequalities among countries and I sincerely hope that we could reach out to other countries as well.

Saving Children from the Horrors of War – Discussing children’s rights in today’s conflict-affected areas

Session hosted by Save the Children

Session Schedule

13:30~13:35 (5’) Moderator
- Joon Oh, Board Chair, Save the Children Korea / Former Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United Nations
13:35~13:50 (15’) Keynote Speech - Children in Conflict
- Yanghee Lee, Professor at Sungkyunkwan University / United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
13:50~14:20 (30’) Panel 1) Current Trends in Grave Violations toward Children
- Patrick Watt, Global Campaign, Advocacy and Communications Director, Save the Children International

Panel 2) Children in The Middle East and Africa
- Hassan Noor Saadi, Regional Director of Asia, Save the Children International

Panel 3) Rohingya children in Asia, fleeing abuse and death
- Khin Ohmar, Co-President of Progressive Voices, Democracy activist
14:20~15:00 (45’) Moderator

Session Rationale

The motivation for this parallel session is the recognition of the worrying trends for the safety and well-being of children living in areas affected by conflicts. The number of children affected by conflicts has increased by more than 75 percent from the early 1990s when it was around 200 million, to more than 357 million children in 2016. This means one out of five children in today’s world lives in conflict-affected areas.

Parties in all conflicts are obliged to uphold international law to protect children. However, the rules are often violated and children affected by conflicts are vulnerable to starvation, injury, exploitation and even death. Therefore, failure to protect children in conflicts is one of the most critical issues of our time and needs to be addressed urgently.

Reviewing the current situation of children in conflict-affected areas and discussing what it will take for the governments, media, and NGOs to do more would be significant for making progress in our common endeavours for peace and prosperity in the whole world.


“Every war is a war on children.” These words were written by Eglantyne Jebb, who founded Save the Children in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I. One hundred years on, children caught up in the turmoil and anguish of conflicts continue to be treated in ways running counter to our common humanity.

The number of children living in conflict-affected areas has increased by more than 75 per cent from the early 1990s when it was around 200 million, to more than 357 million children in 2016 -165 million of these children are affected by high-intensity conflicts. In 2017, one child in every five lived in areas impacted by conflicts – up from one in six two years earlier. Not only is the number of children living in conflicts rising, but children are more at risk of harm than at any point in the last 20 years.

The nature of modern conflicts has been changing, with more conflicts in densely populated areas and more warring parties taking increasingly excessive action every year, which poses more danger for children. Children are routinely exposed to violence in their homes, on the streets, even when they’re at school. Many children are routinely subjected to violence, including killing, maiming, and sexual violence. There has been an escalation in the number of UN-verified cases of killing and maiming of children, with an increase of nearly 300 per cent since 2010. Children in conflicts are living through horrors with devastating and life-changing consequences. The psychological impact on the children is profound and can lead to a vicious cycle, in which the next generation struggles to rebuild peaceful societies following the trauma of violence.

Children in conflict-affected areas should be given three things: safety, justice and the practical help they need to stay safe and for recovery. Every government must ensure that no arms are sold to the parties which violate international law and harm children and that the perpetrators of crimes against children are brought to criminal justice both domestically and internationally. Governments also must provide children victims in conflicts with necessary help so that they can safely go through recovery and rehabilitation.

Session Objectives:
  • Review the current situation of violation of children’s rights in conflict-affected areas
  • Discuss what is needed to uphold the international rules and norms and what it will take for the governments and peoples of the world to address the violations committed against children
  • Identify the role of civil society and the media to protect children in conflicts, with a focus on how to enhance awareness in countries such as Korea on conflict issues in general and children in conflicts in particular
  • Share best cases of providing support for children victims of conflicts, and discuss what governments and civil society can do more to meet the needs of children in dire conditions

Panel of the Session

Joon Oh, Board Chair, Save the Children Korea
Former Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United Nations

Keynote Speaker:
Yanghee Lee, Professor at Sungkyunkwan University
United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
Former Chairperson of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child


  • Patrick Watt, Global Campaign, Advocacy and Communications Director, Save the Children International
    Share the current violation of children’s rights in conflict-affected areas and discuss what more major world powers and civil society can do to stop the war on children
  • Hassan Noor Saadi, Regional Director of Asia, Save the Children International
    Humanitarian perspectives and years of hands on experiences working on the ground for the most deprived children in complex emergencies
  • Khin Ohmar, Co-President of Progressive Voices, Democracy activist
    Share children’s rights situation in Myanmar and Southern Asia and discuss what it will take for the world to listen when atrocities are committed against children

Detailed Contents

Keynote Speech – Children in Conflict

- Yanghee Lee, Professor at Sungkyunkwan University / United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

Overall worrying trend of increased brutality against children in conflict zones, and call for international communities to fulfil the promise to the next generation.

The number of children verified by the UN as killed or maimed has risen drastically last 10 years and one in six children live in conflict zones and 357 million live at risk of grave violations. Attacks on what should be safe place by international laws and standards are becoming normal with reported incidents having roughly doubled in the last decade.

Every child has rights to be respected and lives in peace. International communities have agreed to accomplish UN SDGs to build a better world where all children live, learn and thrive in peace. Reviewing international laws and standards, suggesting practical recommendations for states and non-state actors to stop the war on children.

  • Overall conflict trends and current situation of children in conflict affected areas during recent 20 years
  • The trend of an escalation in the number of UN verified cases of killing and maiming of children with an increase of nearly 300 percent since 2010
  • International laws and standards to protect civilians and an increase of the number of incidents of denial of humanitarian access
  • The roles for states and non-state actors to make progress to protect children


1) Current Trends in Grave Violations toward Children
Patrick Watt, Global Campaign, Advocacy and Communications Director, Save the Children International

Share the current violation of children’s rights in conflict-affected areas and discuss what more major world powers and civil society can do to stop the war on children. Introduce practical and actionable recommendations to protect children being put at risk.

  • The trend of the use of explosive weapons with wide-area effects in populated areas and the role of international communities and states.
  • International laws and standards all states should endorse and implement (i.e. Safe School Declaration)
  • The role of states and non-state actors to prevent the use of explosive weapon fatal to children, and recommendations to control arms
  • A need for stronger political will and pressure to ensure that ICC, international tribunals and other mechanisms focus on crimes against children

2) Children in The Middle East and Africa
Hassan Noor Saadi, Regional Director of Asia, Save the Children International

Humanitarian perspectives and years of hands on experiences working on the ground for the most deprived children in complex emergencies. Focus on the fates of children living in what are tanked as the most dangerous conflict-affected countries: Syria, South Sudan and Somalia.

  • Overall picture and marked trend of conflict and grave violations against children in Eastern Africa region (Somalia, South Sudan) and Middle East region (Syria) (i.e. attacks on schools and hospitals, abduction, killing and maiming of children, and so forth)
  • Case studies focusing on humanitarian action for conflict-affected children
  • The role of international community to sustain effective humanitarian action

* Rohingya children’s rights situation in Myanmar & refugee camps can be dealt with in the panel discussion and Q&A session

3) Rohingya children in Asia, fleeing abuse and death
Khin Ohmar, Co-President of Progressive Voices, Democracy activist

Children’s rights situation in Myanmar and Southern Asia and discuss what it will take for the world to listen when atrocities are committed against children

  • Refugee children’s rights situation in Southern Asia including Rohingya crisis
  • The scale of violations against Rohingya children and impact of violence on these children (i.e. the long-term effects of trauma)
  • International efforts to prevent any other would-be crisis


Empowered Voices Calling for Fair, Public-oriented Medicine Access and Innovation

Friday, February 15, 2019 – Grand Ballroom B, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The motivation for this parallel session is the recognition of the critical need and opportunity to begin transforming the biomedical R&D system to adequately meet global health needs. There is growing appreciation that to successfully ensure access to medicines, policy must focus not only on medicines after they have been developed, but also work to make the R&D innovation system itself respond and be accountable to public need. Striving for a fair social return from publicly incentivized and supported research, empowered citizens, researchers, scientists and government officials can join forces to build R&D models that deliver more needs-driven innovation, accessible to all for greater health and prosperity.

2. Background

The Republic of Korea (RoK) has long been discussed as a bulwark of publicly-minded access to medicines policies in Asia. Over the past decades, driven by a sense of social equity and a drive to re-distribute the fruits of economic development to its citizens, the ROK has put in place important policy elements helping to ensure that Koreans have access to the medicines they need, at affordable prices. These measures include stringent criteria for drug market approval, including evaluation of added therapeutic value, cost efficiency, and budget impact, and a strong drug pricing control system, supported by a positive drug list, mandatory lowering of prices and negotiations. Combined with a comprehensive national health insurance system, these measures have allowed Korea to achieve what has been enshrined as Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3), universal health coverage.

To date, much of Korea’s success has hinged on the extensive availability of locally-produced, affordable generic medicines. Over the last twenty years, the South Korean government’s medicines pricing and industrial policies sought to specifically create, sustain, and help steer a domestic pharmaceutical sector that worked to meet and address Korean public health needs – a unique example of the private sector largely working for public good, rather than only for profit.

Today, South Korea is at a fork in the road. The situation is rapidly evolving as the country seeks to position itself as a leader in biomedical innovation. The South Korean government has set out a goal to become a top-7 pharmaceutical leader by 2020, designating this industry as ROK’s next economic engine. The government is supporting this ambition with significant and growing amounts of public funds, estimated to be over $2 billion in 2019. Responding to government priorities, the Korean pharmaceutical industry is quickly transitioning from a generic-based, domestic-focused model, to an R&D-centered export-driven model.

Over the coming months and years, state priority setting and decision-making will determine whether the South Korean government maintains the collective values which have guided pro-patient, public-oriented policy development over the last 25 years, creating a new type of public leadership in the biomedical R&D space. These decisions will have significant impact on public health and access to medicines not only in Korea, but also in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) throughout the world, as the Korean government’s stated plan specifically looks to export medicines to LMICs in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Korean policymaking will also have direct impact on how Thailand, Malaysia and other (transitioning) countries move to develop their own approaches to incentivize and structure biomedical R&D and related public access strategies.

Copying the current R&D model is unlikely to deliver on Korea’s vision of innovation for greater social good. Prevailing R&D approaches largely fail to target priority health needs and deliver breakthrough drugs needed for such threats as AMR or XDRTB. The system delivers too many me-too drugs, which bring no added therapeutic value to patients. It also brings to market blockbusters drugs, which have been at least partially financed and incentivized with public funding, but are priced out of reach for patients and finite national insurance budgets. Although the public and non-profit sectors are major contributors to financing and conducting R&D, with up to 70% of investment coming from public sources (e.g. all of the 210 medicines approved by the US FDA between 2010 and 2016 had received some amount of public funding), this contribution is not widely-recognized nor reflected in the way medicines are brought to market. Secrecy, lack of data-sharing and legal barriers to follow-on research make the system slower and less efficient than it should be, stifling true innovation. Publicly-available information on safety and efficacy is too often inadequate.

The global R&D system is a complex, multi-billion dollar global system with many powerful players and entrenched interests at stake. It has evolved to be governed primarily by market forces, with public actors and policies often failing to pro-actively or adequately intervene to ensure that the system serves the public interest. For example, governments have not set clear priorities for R&D, many do not intervene on pricing, and those that fund R&D have generally not made public R&D financing conditional on affordability guarantees or data-sharing. In summary, individual governments at national level – and governments collectively at the global level – have not fulfilled their responsibilities to make the R&D system work in the public interest.

Supported by empowered patients and advocates, and informed citizens, the Korean government has an opportunity to take the lead in forging a different model that delivers greater prosperity for all. A series of timely processes offer opportunities in the coming months to begin moving towards shaping a new model:

- President Moon has introduced a healthcare reform plan to address the financial burden of co-payments and impose stronger control of non-reimbursable medical expenses. He is also trying to foster an environment where new medicinal products do not take into account profitability only, but also social value, with technology rooted in social needs, including the need for healthier citizens.

- Intensive Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations will continue to take place over the coming months. Without pushback, RCEP, to which ROK is party, risks boxing in the ROK into entrenching for its own industry a business model, which extensively relies on IP and the prospect of extorting monopolistic drug prices for medicines, distorting R&D priorities away from public needs.

- Increased exchanges between the two Koreas have set the ground for sectoral exchanges, including on public health and medicines. Developing some public production capacity to produce off-patent medicines, which companies refuse to supply in the South due to comparatively lower profit prospects than in less-well-regulated countries, and provide medicines for the North could be a valuable step. An example of a successful public pharmaceutical production capacity in Korea, could also motivate other governments to consider this option and create a momentum at a time where similar discussions are crystallizing in the US (in the face of unaffordable insulin prices) and the EU (Spain on CAR-T).

3. Objectives
  • Share South Korea’s public-oriented, fair and comprehensive approach to ensuring medicines access in the country.
  • Identify and reinforce the collective values, which have allowed South Korea to put in place and implement a progressive medicines policy.
  • Stimulate reflection on how to meet the formidable challenges in the current R&D system, with a focus on how South Korean leadership can stake out an alternative pathway, that advances people’s health as a top priority.
  • Consider global experience in promoting fair public return on public biomedical innovation.
4. Panel
  • Ms. Marine Buissonnière | OSF Consultant (Moderator)
  • Mr. Marcel Raaij | Director, Medicine Policy, Dutch Ministry of Health (TBC)
  • Ms. Els Torreele | Director, Access Campaign, Medécins San Frontières (TBC)
  • Ms. Christine Kim | Director, UAEM Canada
  • Ms. Sun Kim | Lead Researcher, Access to Medicines, People’s Health Institute

Academia and Public-Private Partnerships for SDG Implementation

Parallel Session Title

Session Rationale

The role of global partnership is crucial for the achievement of SDGs by 2030. Of many different forms of partnerships that can be formed, there is much greater role that universities can play to facilitate SDG implementation and what universities can deliver will be enhanced when they form partnerships with the private sector, other civil society organizations, and of course governments. These partnerships will not only deliver results in terms of sub-targets of SDG17, but also achieve other key SDGs as well.


Universities are primarily perceived as higher education institutions, and thus, the education function is often emphasized. However, we also need to highlight that universities are key resources for research, leading to innovation. The range of partnerships that universities form covers a wide gamut of involvement: limited partnerships, some partnerships within the local community, such as corporate firms and startups, and active engagement, extending beyond the country where universities are located in. Even if a university is not actively engaged in global partnership, there may be ways to contribute to SDG implementation because of its research function.

Targets of SDG17, the goal to revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development, clarify the number of different channels for SDGs implementation. These channels include financing mechanisms for sustainable development, coordination for technology facilitation, international support for capacity-building in developing countries, promotion of exports across countries, especially least developed countries, and innovative solutions to systemic issues in sustainable development.

In terms of systemic issues in SDG implementation, there is ample room for university involvement. These issues include how to enhance policy coherence for sustainable development, how to promote multi-stakeholder partnerships to share knowledge, expertise, technology, and financial resources to achieve SDGs in all countries, especially in developing countries, and how to enhance capacity-building to deliver high-quality data, monitoring and accountability so that we have information within countries on income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location, and other relevant variables for each national context.

Since universities are home to faculty, researchers, and students that encompass various disciplines that are key to sustainable development, they are the best human resources to work on solutions to such systemic issues. However, they cannot work on sustainable development by themselves, since SDG implementation is possible through counterpart organizations that are willing to share the insights and input from the field, whether it be NGOs, local or national governments, and private firms.

Session Objectives
  • Share different forms of academic involvement for SDG implementation
  • Provide case studies on how universities can form partnerships to monitor and implement SDGs.
  • Demonstrate how data is used to monitor progress on SDGs.
  • Highlight which SDGs are prioritized within academia and academic clusters exist in terms research on SDGs.
Parallel Session: Academic Partnerships for SDGs Monitoring and Implementation
Moderator: Paul Glewwe, Distinguished McKnight University Professor of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota
Presentation Title Speaker Name, Position Contact information (e-mail address / phone #)
Monitoring SDGs through SDG Indexboard Dr. Cristian Kroll
Scientific Co-Director of the SDG Index & Senior Expert for Sustainable Development at Bertelsmann Stiftung (tentative)
Unlocking Impact Investment for Sustainable Infrastructure. A Case Study from Mexico. Dr. Alex Money, University of Oxford
Research for UN 2030 Development Agenda: Understanding where We Stand for SDGs Implementation through Text Mining Prof. Keeheon Lee & Semee Yoon, Yonsei University
SDGs Monitoring and Leaving No One Behind: Data for tracking progress on North Korean Sustainable Development Prof. Jung Hun Cho, Ajou University
Opportunities and Needs for Rigorous Evaluation of Refugee Support Programs Dr. Unni Karunakara, President, Board of Directors, Médecins sans Frontières


Friday, February 15, 2019 at 15:00 – 16:30 - Kwak Joung-Hwan Challenge Hall, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

Throughout our history, new technologies have revolutionized the way cities and their societies are planned and functioned. Since the late 18th century, new industrial revolution has moved European cities from a medieval urban structure to an industrial city model. City walls have been removed, and railways became major means of transport. By the turn of the 20th century, the introduction of steel, concrete and automobiles had brought massive changes to urban design, systems and processes. This has resulted in central business districts, high-rise buildings, sprawling suburbs, ring roads and highways. Cities due to mass consumption and cars have brought many problems. It is the basis of many cities' challenges today.

Today, we find ourselves again in the dawn of a new city transition. These changes, due to the rapid development of ICT technology are incorporating into concepts such as 'Smart City'. Such discourse promises to be developed through a technology-driven approach that helps to address the biggest challenges of urban society. However, the results of such an approach are widely debated about their effectiveness. Nevertheless, there is a question about how new technology will affect most of the existing and future cities of the world.

2. Key Message

Smart cities are the functional societies that make the most of ICT. They have dominated the city's thinking and debate in recent years. Advancements in artificial intelligence, robotics, Internet of things, autonomous vehicles, virtual reality, and 3D printing promise a new era in modern urban development. Behind this era, IT devices are rapidly growing from complex global systems to personal pocket devices. Connected devices can receive, analyze, and continuously refine data to efficiently manage products and services. Opportunities are as compelling as they are, and the pace of technological innovation has made governments, municipalities and private companies struggling to understand the future of digital cities.

Therefore, it is necessary to think about urban development considering that the profit can be shared and shared among the majority of cities. Is it possible to sustainably resolve the existing urban challenges with the innovative ICT technology? What is the proper role of technology in future urban development and who is the target? Who is driving the future and what is motivation? How can you achieve the balance of technological innovation that does not harm universal values as a human being? These are the questions that must be addressed.

3. Objectives
  • Discuss about the role of technology in future urban development
  • Discuss sustainable solutions for current urban challenges
  • Discuss new technological innovations to enhance the quality of life and foster well-being
4. Speakers and Panelists
  • In-Keun Lee | Director, Future City Open Innovation Center, Pohang
    University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)
  • Shane Allen Snyder | Professor, Nanyang Technological University
  • Yun Mook Lim | Professor, Yonsei University
  • Jiyoung Kwahk | Professor, POSTECH
  • Tomas Kaberger | Chair of Executive Board, Renewable Energy Institute
  • Mika Ohbayashi | Director, Renewable Energy Institute

Special Roundtable on Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation

11:00 – 12:40, Grand Ballroom B, The Commons

1. Rationale

The motivation for this special roundtable session is to address the further expectations of the inter-Korean relations. Since the inter-Korean summit in April and the North Korea-U.S. summit in June 2018, the economic integration between North Korea and South Korea has been greatly emphasized. In particular, the inter-Korean economic cooperation has great potential to impact not only the East Asia region, but also adjacent countries and the global stage. This has transitioned to the importance and role of inter-Korean economic cooperation for sustainable peace and co-prosperity in the Korean Peninsula. In order to achieve the two goals, a greater understanding of South Korea’s economic cooperation with mid- to long-term development with North Korea is needed and the role of the Korean government and enterprises to contribute in the inter-Korean economic cooperation must be explored.

2. Key Message

Korea is the only divided country in the 21st century world. Since the Korean War Armistice, continuous efforts have been made towards promoting peace and a new security system in Korea. However, the future of the Korean Peninsula remains unanswered. Historically, the inter-Korean relations have been unpredictable as both countries encountered with multiple leadership changes, as well as challenges and prospects in the Peninsula. Economic integration between North Korea and South Korea has been one of the emerging strategies in the Korean Peninsula. The inter-Korean economic relations started to increase in 2005. Between 2004 and 2005, inter-Korean trade increased by more than 50% and exceeded USD 1 billion worth of profit. Various projects were operated such as the Kaesong Industrial Complex, and increased inter-Korea trade boosted the inter-Korean economic cooperation. Due to the abandonment of the Kaesong Industrial Complex in 2016, there has been slow progress within the inter-Korean economic cooperation. Currently, there is a dramatic shift with economic cooperation between the two Koreas. In fact, the inter-Korean economic cooperation projects have been considered as opportunities for new economic growth by governments. In 2018, South Korean President Moon Jae-in proposed to build a “single economic community through joint economic zones along the North-South border, a linked rail network, and other steps.” President Moon also stated the greater potential and opportunities of the inter-Korean economic cooperation with the future economic initiatives. This session will discuss the current initiatives and the future vision of the inter-Korean economic cooperation and its future role and direction in the framework of international development cooperation and sustainable development.

3. Objectives
  • Review the current status of Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation and share the future vision
  • Explore the role of the South Korean government and enterprise within the inter-Korean cooperation to strengthen the international economic cooperation
  • Discuss sustainable development in North Korea through the promotion of human resources and economic resources
  • Suggest the current as well as future role and direction of inter-Korean economic cooperation in the framework of international development cooperation and sustainable development
4. Moderator
  • MOON Chung-in | Emeritus Professor at Yonsei University
5. Panelists
  • LEE InYoung, Member of the Korean National Assembly, Chair of the Korean National Assembly's Special Committee on Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation
  • JI SangWuk, Member of the Korean National Assembly
  • KIM Joo Hyun, President of Financial News, Republic of Korea
  • KANG Sung Jin, Professor at Korean University
  • PARK Kyung-Ae, Professor at University of British Columbia

GEEF 2019 International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs I

Friday, February 15, 2019 at 13:00-14:30 – IBK Hall, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs aims to provide a platform for academic knowledge-sharing and discussion on research related to the SDGs. The SDGs as a whole are a new field of study, and thus all 17 goals require in-depth and evidence-based research. There is also a need for much academic exchange across different fields and countries to further enhance the individual efforts as well as overall pool of work.

The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs has significance as the first session on paper presentations held at GEEF. Abstracts were gathered through a Call for Papers, with applicants from diverse backgrounds, including professional researchers, young scholars, and practitioners. The finalists were chosen through a blind review in order to select the most outstanding proposals with the most potential for exemplary accomplishment. It is hoped that these sessions will lead to both the advancement of the research on these topics and a clearer direction for their practical applications.

2. Abstracts

GCED inthe Era of the UN SDGs: Teach What and How inHigher Education?
Young-Gil Kim & Jeffrey Choi

Global Citizenship Education(GCED)as a priority global education agenda has been implemented since the launch of the UN Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) in2015. While GCED itself is a target to achieve as the target 4.7 in the SDGs, it is also recognized as one of the most important cross-cutting issues and solutions in concerted efforts of achieving the UN SDGs by 2030.

With such importance of GCED in the era of the UN SDG sin mind, the UNESCO has identified the goals and core elements of GCED and developed different approaches and practices to deliver them. One of the main goals in GCED is to nurture the so-called responsible “global citizens,” who have a deep understanding on global issues and behavioral capacities to act collaboratively at both global and local levels for a more “just, peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, secure and sustainable world.” Values, attitudes, and non-cognitive skills are emphasized as core elements of GCED along with a conventional focus of learning on knowledges, cognitive skills, and behavioral capacities. These have been attempted in participatory and transformative pedagogical practices in various forms and platforms.

Problems of GCED in practices since 2015, however, are that less attentions and efforts have been made to GCED in higher education, which is expected to bring out larger social impacts and influences through educating young leaders of the societies. Likewise, there have been no concrete or structured GCED programs in higher education that cover both cognitive and non-cognitive elements of GCED with equal importance. Although a lifelong education perspective from childhood is crucial for GCED as the UNESCO emphasizes, delivering GCED in higher education should gain a renewed attention in a perspective of addressing and achieving the SDGs with a time sensitive manner under the timeline by 2030.

Amid the absence of a standardized GCED program for higher education, this paper suggests formulating a GCED program designed for students in higher education. It argues that the courses in a GCED program for higher education should be a case and evidence oriented learning with a mandatory practicum, which enable the students experience the power of engagement, interaction, participation, and partnership in deliberation of expected outcomes of GCED for the UN SDGs. Course designs for this is also explained in detail in the paper.

A Scoping Review for SDG 16 and SDGs’ socioeconomic targets: The Need of Nurturing A Responsive City for Sustainable Urban Communities in Asian Megacities
Meithya Rose Prasetya Puteri and Achmad Firas Khudi

Asia is the most populated continent in the world that are home for more than half of the world’s population. The huge urban population gaining benefit from the globalization of technology and finance affects the existence of Asian megacities. Complex urban issues persisting in Asian megacities force city governments to be more responsive. The city governments are expected to offer smart solutions to the complexities of societal problem yet implement basic services equally. Thus, the city governments have to transform itself into responsive city.

The responsive city as a term was introduced and popularized by Stephen Goldsmith, the former city manager of New York, the United States of America. The term emphasizes on how city governments can escalate their practices of smart city in a more responsive way through harnessing integrated data platform. In responsive city, the city governments not only have to fit the data platform into the current urban challenges but also foresee the unpredicted urban challenges. In view of this explanation, this paper will examine the applicability of the responsive city on sustainable urban communities in eight Asian megacities applying a scoping review. The Asian megacities include Tokyo, Japan; Shanghai, China; Jakarta, Indonesia; Delhi, India; Seoul, South Korea; Manila, Philippines; Dhaka, Bangladesh; Karachi, Pakistan.

The scoping review is a narrative integration of the relevant evidence that examines preliminary measurement of potential size and range of available research literature. It also aims to identify nature and extent of research evidence. In addition to the method, there are variables on sustainable communities and governance including civic engagement, urban transport, women and child protection, health policy, educational policy, security protection, and effective bureaucracy that will be scrutinized. Those variables are derived from social well-being aspect and paired with socioeconomic targets in SDG 3, 4, 5, 11, 16, and 17.

Our preliminary finding recommends that the abovementioned megacities have applied the responsive city ranging from minimum to medium level. The eight Asian megacities have also implemented the term of responsive city partially corresponding to the smart cities operated in theirs. Furthermore, this paper will suggest relevant policy recommendations drawing upon policy mapping from the scoping review. Keywords: responsive city, sustainable communities, megacity

Analysis of corporate climate disclosures in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area in the perspective of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures
Holly So

Climate change has proved itself an apparent and present danger to the physical world as well as to the corporate world. In the face of growing climate risks, institutional investors and corporations are increasingly aware of the associated impacts on their respective assets and businesses. This paper contributes to the discussion around enhancing climate disclosures in corporates in line with the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) published in June of 2017. It explores the status of current disclosure practice in the largest corporations by market cap in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area. The Greater Bay Area, as a key strategic initiative of China’s development blueprint, is positioned to enhance connectivity and leverage strengths between China’s southern cities in order to facilitate cooperation and integration towards regional economic development. For analyses, this paper selected 32 Chinese-listed corporates from the Hang Seng Stock Connect Big Bay Area Composite Index (HSBBAC) filtered according to TCFD-identified high climate risk sectors. Public disclosures, in the form of their latest Annual Reports and Sustainability Reports were examined against the 11 detailed recommendations that underpin TCFD’s four core elements of governance, strategy, risk management, and targets and metrics. This analysis sheds light on the disclosure gap between what corporations are reporting and what industry demands. Corporations publish climate disclosures in response to corporate responsibilities, industry trends, and regulatory compulsion whilst level of disclosure is often determined succeeding to global reporting initiatives and stock exchange guidelines. In turn, rationales shape professional awareness and corporate capacity in climate disclosure interdependent to level of green investment. Using the TCFD recommendations as an apt proxy for global investor demand and industry standards, this paper probes opportunities where the Greater Bay Area could be developed into a hub of financial capacity for climate disclosure to derive climate resilience and financial stability in support of the sustainable development of the Greater Bay Area.

  • Márcia Balisciano (Moderator) | Director of Corporate Responsibility, RELX
  • Jeffrey Choi | Professor, UN Academic Impact Korea
  • Achmad Firas Khudi | Field Officer of LOCALISE, UCLG ASPAC
  • Holly So | Postgraduate Student, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology

* The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs is supported by Samsonite through the Samsonite Travel Grants awarded to presenters traveling from abroad.

GEEF 2019 Parallel Session on Peace and SDGs

Friday, February 15, 2019 at 13:00 – 14:30 – Kwak Joung-Hwan Challenge Hall, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The existing rapid urbanization has caused various urban problems such as traffic congestion, energy shortage, and environmental degradation. On the other hand, urbanization has great opportunities to make significant progress in emerging countries such as China, India, Southeast Asian countries, the Middle East and Africa. The development of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is emerging as an alternative to the paradigm shift of existing urban planning, construction, and operations.

Future city, which is called Smart City, is a concept that is applied to a platform where advanced ICT technology is applied to cities, and many projects are being carried out in developed countries as well as developing countries. For example, new transport modes, such as autonomous vehicles and drones, has emerged as key solutions to solve urban traffic problems. The change of mobility is expected to transform the spatial structure of the city and create positive changes in the life styles of citizens. For instance, urban traffic system controlled by AI (Artificial Intelligence) can reduce traffic congestion by maximizing efficiency even using existing road network. Citizens can also participate directly in the decision making of urban planning. Although previous city plans have used various means to collect the citizens’ opinion such as public hearing, the outcomes are still not yet satisfactory. By utilizing the block chain technology, various devices can be implemented to directly ask the citizens’ needs and opinions, and reflect them in today’s urban policies.

The goal of smart city is to resolve the current urban problems, secure sustainability, and increase the quality of life to create a city where citizens are happy. New challenges always entail social and economic costs. The experiences of the successes and failures of developed countries provide good examples for cities that are newly building cities. Moreover, the field of smart city needs to gather the wisdom of global scholars with a new frontier that no one has ever seen. To do this, various universities around the world and Yeosijae will continue extensive cooperation to research future cities and build success stories. This session aims to be the starting point.

2.Key Messages

In this parallel session, four distinguished speakers, including Prof. Jung Hoon Lee, Prof. Michael D. Lepech, President Michael Zhang, and Dr. Lise Tjørring, will present their topics on future cities and smart cities considering sustainability and applicability.

In recent years, the Smart City or Smart City developments have been driven by two trends. The first is the rollout of ICBM+AI (e.g. IoT, Cloud Computing, Bigdata, Mobility and Artificial Intelligence etc.) services & infrastructures within cities; the second is the need to find environmentally sensitive forms of growth that utilize energy sparingly. This implicates that how next generation of smart city development will be with a dynamic process of fostering an open innovation platform in the age of 4th Industrial Revolution. Therefore, this session intends to develop a stage to discuss about various future city initiatives, approaches, ideas, and technologies that are not only scalable but also implementable throughout the world.

3. Objectives
  • To develop a consensus on needs of sustainability and smart city index.
  • To suggest ways to finance on infrastructures and services for future cities.
  • To discuss the goals of future cities and smart cities.
4. Panel
  • Yeon Ho Lee (Moderator) | Professor, Yonsei University
  • Jung Hoon Lee (Speaker) | Professor, Yonsei University
  • Michael D. Lepech (Speaker) | Professor, Standford University
  • Michael Wen Zhang (Speaker) | President, SenseTime
  • Lise Tjørring (Speaker) | Postdoc, Industrial PhD, University of Copenhagen
  • Bernard Debarbieux (Panelist) | Dean, Geneva School of Social Sciences
  • Chungha Cha (Panelist) | Representative, Re-Imaging Cities Foundation

1. Yeon Ho Lee (Moderator)

Dr. Yeon Ho Lee is a professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science and International Studies, Director of Yonsei-EU Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, and Director of the Center for Canadian Studies (Institute of East and West Studies) at Yonsei University. He received his BA in Political Science at Yonsei University. He studied political science at the University of Cambridge, UK, with the support of the Chevening Scholarship, and obtained MPhil and PhD. Prior to joining Yonsei University, Dr. Lee had been an ESRC Fellow at the University of Warwick of the United Kingdom.

His research and teaching interests include international development cooperation and EU, development theories and the Korean political economy. He is the author of The State, Society and Big Business in South Korea, Routledge and Theories of Development, Yonsei University Press, and Unequal Development and Democracy in South Korea, Pakyongsa

2. Jung Hoon Lee (Speaker)

Dr. Jung Hoon Lee is currently the associate dean and professor of Technology & Innovation management at Yonsei University. He was also a visiting scholar with the Stanford University Graduate School of Business. Dr. Lee has been involved in R&D projects, sponsored by the South Korean government, including developing a national strategy and vision for Smart City, analyzing and designing Smart City services and implementation, and developing Performance Management Systems for Smart City operations. Currently, he serves the leading role of developing Smart City Index model as part of national Smart City R&D project (2018-2022) and as the chair of smart city committee for Seoul Metropolitan City.

Prof LEE also contributed several consulting and advisory roles to international organizations including CISCO, GSMA, SKT, KT, and LG CNS. Professor LEE received a B.Eng./MSc. from the University of Manchester and MSc from the London School of Economics and Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge.

3. Michael D. Lepech (Speaker)

Dr. Michael D. Lepech is the associate professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment of Stanford University.

Dr. Lepech’s research focuses on the integration of sustainability indicators in to engineering design, ranging from materials design, structural design, system design, to operations management. Furthermore, Dr. Lepech has been focusing on the design of sustainable high-performance, the impacts of sustainable materials on building and infrastructure design and operation, and the development of new life cycle assessment (LCA) applications for building, transportation, and water systems. Dr. Lepech obtained his Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering and completed MBA of Finance and Strategy at the University of Michigan.

4. Michael Wen Zhang (Speaker)

Mr. Michael Wen Zhang is the President of SenseTime, the world’s most valuable artificial intelligence (AI) unicorn that focuses on computer vision and deep learning. He has been responsible for the company’s operation, strategic development, mergers and acquisitions, government relations, and other commercial functions. Mr. Zhang was rewarded of the prestigious Shanghai Magnolia Award, is a licensed attorney in the state of New York, and a visiting professor at Donghua University and Shanghai Maritime University. He is the managing partner of Summit Capital Equity Investment Fund in Shanghai. Formerly, Mr. Zhang also worked at the United Nations and on Wall Street. He received his JD degree from Harvard Law School and an MBA from Columbia Business School.

5. Lise Tjørring (Speaker)

Dr. Lise Tjørring is a social anthropologist and postdoctoral researcher on the research project HumanImpact at the Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Copenhagen. She does various research on integrating social and cultural knowledge in private companies with a particular focus on companies working with sustainability and smart energy technology. She obtained Industrial Ph.D. in Food and Resource Economics at the University of Copenhagen.

6. Bernard Debarbieux (Panelist)

Dr. Bernard Debarbieux is the Dean of Geneva School of Social Sciences. He is a professor of political and cultural geography and urban and regional planning, and territorial planning. He works at the Department of Geography and the Institute of Environmental Sciences. Dr. Debarbieux’s research has a theoretical approach to territoriality, collective identities, and the social imaginary of space and an empirical analysis of the institutional practices of space. His research’s main fields of application are the European, North American, and North African mountains. He also specializes in the production of geographical knowledge and imagination planning, regional governance of the environment, public spaces, and political and collective territorialities.

7. Chungha Cha (Panelist)

Mr. Cha is co-founder and chair of Re-imaging cities foundation, which is a global network of experts in finance and sustainability brought together to develop successful business models around green buildings and smart cities. He received his MBA degree from Columbia Business School in 1985. His major is accounting, finance, and Real Estate. He received his B.S. degree in Economics from the Wharton School in 1979.

Mr. Cha has been in the finance industry for 20+ years and established Re-Imaging Cities Foundation under the Korea Green Building Council non-profit umbrella. He has been focused in the green building and smart cities space since 2007. Mr. Cha owns a majority interest in Susterra Partners, providing investment advisory services in the areas of energy efficiency, green buildings and clean energy.


PyeongChang Agenda for Peace (PCAP) 2030
Friday, February 15, 2019 at 13:00 – 14:30 – Global Lounge, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The PyeongChang Agenda for Peace (PCAP) 2030 is the outcome document of the PyeongChang Global Peace Forum (PGPF) which is held on February 9 – 11, 2019 to commemorate the 1st anniversary of the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games.

It is a joint initiative by the Gangwon Provincial Government, Municipality of PyeongChang, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Republic of Korea in partnership with the Korea International Broadcasting Foundation (Arirang TV), Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and South Korean civil society organizations that are closely engaged in the process of peacebuilding and SDGs in Korea. The PGPF 2019 is also a main follow-up to the Hague Appeal for Peace (HAP) Conference in 1999, which was held on the 100th anniversary of the Hague Peace Conference in 1899. The HAP Conference adopted the Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21st Century which served as a common guide and reference document for global peace movement for the last two decades.

The PCAP 2030 is expected to be the updated and contextualized version of the Hague Agenda in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) whose target year is 2030. The PCAP is expected to be a linkage between peace and SDGs agenda as a tool to mainstream peace and disarmament agenda into the SDGs.The final version of the PCAP 2030 is expected to be adopted at the next PGPF in 2020 after a series of thematic and regional follow-up consultations after the PGPF 2019. The year 2020 is the 70th anniversary of the Korean (International) War that broke out on 25 June 1950 and ended on 27 July 1953 under the armistice agreement. In this way, PCAP 2030 is expected to bring synergetic cooperation between peace process and initiatives in the Korean peninsula and others in the world.

The idea of the PyeongChang Appeal for Peace (PAP) 2030 was conceived in February/March 2018 during the PyeongChang Olympics and Paralympics, which was a historical turning point from threats and confrontation to dialogues and cooperation for peacebuilding in the Korean peninsula. The PyeongChang peace sprit continued with a historical breakthrough when the heads of state from North Korea and the United States held a summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018. For the first time in 70 years after the Korean War, both countries set asides its hostile differences and agreed to cooperate for de-nuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and to establish new relations for peace.

The PGPF 2019 is expected to contribute towards this peacebuilding process and to sustain peace in the Korean Peninsula as means of public diplomacy initiated by local governments and civil society organizations. There is enthusiastic hope that the PyeongChang peace spirit will continue in the upcoming Olympics, particularly in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, the 2022 Beijing Olympics, and beyond.

2.Key Messages

There can be no sustainable development without peace, and
no peace without sustainable development.

(Preamble of UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development)

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), has posed both opportunities and challenges for people, civil society organizations, and government. A key to success is to develop comprehensive and practical agenda for action to link and integrate the peace and disarmament agenda into the SDGs, as emphasized by the UN Secretary General’s Agenda for Disarmament – Securing Our Common Future. PCAP 2030 will be a pathway to mainstream peace as well as human rights into the SDGs.

3. Objectives
  • Introduce and share the PyeongChang Agenda for Peace (PCAP) 2030 which is the outcome document of the PyeongChang Global Peace Forum (PGPF) held on February 9-11, 2019
  • Discuss ways about how to integrate peace and disarmament agenda into the SDGs, particularly SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
  • Discuss the relationship of the peace-building process in the Korean peninsula to the global and Asian peace process through public diplomacy on sport, peace and SDGs
4. Panel
  • Seonghoon Lee | Professor, Kyunghee University, Republic of Korea (Moderator)
  • Jinho Song | Vice-President of Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), Republic of Korea
  • Daehoon Lee | Professor, SungKongHoe University
  • Ayoung Moon | Founder and Representative of PEACEMOMO
  • Goosoon Kwon | Dean, Faculty of Future Multidisciplinary Studies, Seoul Cyber University, Republic of Korea

1. Seonghoon (Anselmo) Lee

Dr. Seonghoon (Anselmo) Lee is currently the adjunct professor at Graduate School of Public Policy and Civic Engagement at Kyunghee University and Co-convener of the Steering Committee of the PyeongChang Global Peace Forum (PGPF) 2019.

He is also member of Policy Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), Human Rights Expert Committee of the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and Policy Committee of the Korea NGO Council for Overseas Development Cooperation (KCOC).

Internationally, Dr. Lee was one of the founders of the Asia Democracy Network (ADN) and the Asia Development Alliance (ADA), a regional network of national CSO platforms on UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and now senior adviser to both. He also served as a member of International Board of CIVICUS from 2012 to 2016.

2. Jinho Song

Mr. Jinho Song is currently the Vice-President of the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA). He is the first Director with a civil society background in the history of KOICA. Mr. Song is also member of the Steering Committee of the PGPF 2019.

Prior to his service at KOICA, Mr. Song has been closely involved in civil societies for over 30 years. Previously, he was the Secretary General of YMCA Ulsan and Busan from 2014 to 2017 and Co-chair of the Global Call to Action against Poverty (GCAP) Korea from 2013 to 2015. Mr. Song also served in the NGO Council for Overseas Development Cooperation (KCOC).

3. Daehoon (Francis) Lee

Dr. Daehoon (Francis) Lee is currently a research professor of peace studies at SungKongHoe University in Seoul. He is currently the advisor and coordinator for PGPF 2019 and a Trainer and Programme Developer at PEACEMOMO, specializing in training teachers and trainers on critical and creative peace education that are based on new, learner-oriented pedagogical principles.

Dr. Lee is also the Founder and Chief Coordinator for PSPD (People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy), former Executive Director of ARENA (Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives, Asia-wide), and Director of the Center for Peace and Disarmament, Korea. He has coordinated CENA (Civil Society Education Network in Asia), a collaborating network of universities committed for peace, human rights, and democracy studies in Asia and served as a legal advisor to the Special Rapporteur of the UN Human Rights Sub-Commission in 2005.

4. Ayoung Moon

Ms. Ayoung Moon is the Founder and Representative of PEACEMOMO, a non-profit organization that focuses on linking peace activism to learning spaces. She is also currently a member of the Steering Committee of the PGPF 2019, a chair of a Subcommittee for Social Value Management of Korean Film Council, a chairperson of Seoul Youth Hub Steering Committee, and member of a Standing Committee of the National Unification Advisory Council.

Formerly, Ms. Moon was a member of a Preparatory Committee of Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education and a consultant of Asia-Pacific region consultation group of United Nations Asia-Pacific Region on Youth, Peace, and Security. She is also a Ph.D. candidate in Peace Education at University of Peace, Costa Rica.

5. Goosoon Kwon

Dr. Goosoon Kwon is currently Dean of the Faculty of Future Multidisciplinary Studies at Seoul Cyber University, where he has devoted to teach and research global issues, international development, and war and peace. He also serves as Chair of International Affairs Committee of the Korea Association of International Development and Cooperation and advisor of humanitarian affairs of KCOC.

Prior to joining the academia, Dr. Kwon had extensive field experiences in humanitarian assistance, post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding, and international development as a practitioner of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (RC/RC) movement, International non-government organization (INGO), and United Nations Peacekeeping (UN PKO) mission for the last 13 years.

GEEF 2019 International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs II

Friday, February 15, 2019 at 15:00-16:30 – IBK Hall, The Commons, Yonsei University


1. Rationale

The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs aims to provide a platform for academic knowledge-sharing and discussion on research related to the SDGs. The SDGs as a whole are a new field of study, and thus all 17 goals require in-depth and evidence-based research. There is also a need for much academic exchange across different fields and countries to further enhance the individual efforts as well as overall pool of work. The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs has significance as the first session on paper presentations held at GEEF. Abstracts were gathered through a Call for Papers, with applicants from diverse backgrounds, including professional researchers, young scholars, and practitioners. The finalists were chosen through a blind review in order to select the most outstanding proposals with the most potential for exemplary accomplishment. It is hoped that these sessions will lead to both the advancement of the research on these topics and a clearer direction for their practical applications

2. Abstracts

Revitalizing Global Partnerships for Sustainable Development: A Focus on Korea’s Bilateral Knowledge Sharing Programs (KSP) from 2005-2018

Hye Yong Kim

When it comes to offering suggestions as to the policies, programs, and projects in development cooperation, it is essential to note the socioeconomic conditions of the partner countries. Moreover, it is important to utilize the comparative advantages of all partner countries to achieve synergy in development cooperation. The Republic of Korea has been ensuring these when the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, previously known as the Ministry of Finance and Economy, launched its Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) in 2004 with the aims of sharing Korea’s experience and knowledge in industrialization, democratization, and development, and to assist partner countries in lessening the knowledge divide and to support their development efforts (KSP website, accessed October 14, 2018).

With the SDG #17 being “Revitalizing the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development,” knowledge-intensive development programs flow in various directions, whether that be North-South, South-South, or OECD DAC member country to partner country and more. While Korea aims to successfully implement its role as a responsible member of the international community and to contribute to the global development efforts, this paper aims to answer the question: to what extent has Korea’s bilateral KSP policy consultations contributed to SDG #17? This paper will study Korea’s bilateral consultations from December 2005 to July 2018 – a total of 235 policy consultations published on the KSP website – and observe how Korea contributes to SDG #17. Consequently, it aims to take the following steps to answer the research question: (1) identify the objectives and standards of offering KSP to a country and an industry, (2) observe the patterns and trends of KSP, and (3) conduct a feasibility study on the KSP offered to that country and industry and identify whether it has been utilized efficiently or will be utilized effectively. Finally, (4) the above steps together with the specific targets of SDG #17 will be compared and contrasted to evaluate whether Korea’s bilateral KSP policy consultations contribute to the goal.

An expert-based assessment of the potential for local people involvement in nature conservation in the Niassa National Reserve in Mozambique

Aires Afonso Mbanze, Natasha Ribeiro and José Lima Santo

Implementation of new conservation measures and adoption of external actions from elsewhere without consistent consultation and systematic assessment, evaluation and proposal steps, have resulted in multiple fails that have been replicated unnecessarily with wasted resources implications.

In this study, we propose and test a novel method to identify: (i) the role of all conservation-relevant actors, including local people, in major threats to conservation in a particular protected area, (ii) the underlying drivers for the involvement of local people in conservation-threatening practices and (iii) an appropriate policy-mix to address these drivers.

The method takes stoke of experts’ opinion who are aware of the situation in the protected area under study. This method is developed and tested in the context of the Niassa National Reserve (NNR), in Mozambique, a major protected area in Africa for the conservation of Miombo savannah woodlands and lions. Respondents’ answers were analysed through Principal Component (PC) and Cluster methods to group them according to opinions in relation to threats, current and new proposed compensation schemes that can be implemented to improve conservation in NNR. Relationships between the opinions of respondents and their socio-economic profile were also tested based on Fisher’s Exact and Post Hoc tests.

Results show high degree of consensus among respondents in relation to the current practices that represent the top threats to conservation in the reserve, including poaching, illegal mining and shifting cultivation. Lower degrees of consensus were found with regards to more moderate threats. Local people were held responsible for those activities they need to undertake to cope with their daily needs, most of them, except shifting cultivation, not being identified as top threats. On the other hand, outsiders carrying out illegal activities, such as poaching, were held responsible for practices representing the top threats to conservation, with local people acting as supporters of these outsiders’ activities.

New proposed in-kind incentives that help local people to adopt environmentally-friendly cultivation practices, such as provide them with alternative sources of animal protein and provide local young people study opportunities (scholarships) would greatly improve the conservation status of biodiversity currently under threat and would also raise the awareness of local people. Responsibilities of actors in relation to the activities that threat conservation, were well distinguished with cluster analysis, which can be used to tackle each responsible with different policy measures.

Sustainable Finance Implementation in Emerging Markets: developments and challenges in Indonesia

Taridi Kasbi Ridho

Purpose –The paper intends to describe the developments and challenges of implementing the sustainable finance practices in an emerging country as part of important role played by finance sector companies in the achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs). Many believed that sustainable finance practice that considered multi aspect of economic, social, and environmental risk and return would deliver more benefits to wider stakeholders than traditional finance that emphasis only on financial risk and return. The implementation of sustainable finance would enable finance companies to maximize their role as a catalysator for creation of environmentally friendly investment and fair economical social system to achieve sustainable development goals (SDGs) more effectively. In addition, the companies would also gain several additional benefits of stronger company’s resilience, green financial product and services domination, access to cheaper from global green financial market, better company reputation, as well as cost reduction through efficiency in many areas. Indonesian Financial Service Authority (FSA) had launched a Roadmap for Sustainable Finance 2014-2019, then followed by the issuance of Indonesian FSA regulation in 2017 on Sustainable Finance Implementation for Finance Service Institutions, Issuer, and Listed Companies with the objective to increase sustainable finance supply and increase risk management and disclosure.

Design/methodology/approach – This research will observe finance companies which were included in the 200 top listed companies in Indonesia, measured by their revenues, for the three consecutive years of 2014, 2015, and 2016. Secondary data will be gathered from 2014, 2015, and 2016 company’s annual report, company’s CSR/sustainability report, and on-line CSR information on company’s web site. Measurement of sustainable finance implementation of each company is conducted by employing content analysis of those reports using SDG Compass which links the SDGs with GRI (Global Reporting Initiative). Descriptive analysis will be employed to understand the sustainable finance implementation across different companies. Deeper explanation will also be provided by conducting qualitative analysis to several Indonesian banks that had implemented FSA regulation on sustainable finance in the recent years.

Research limitations– As this research will be focus on Indonesian listed finance companies, more research is needed to include companies that have participated in sustainable finance implementation but have not listed in the Indonesian stock exchange.

Originality/value – Current research on sustainable finance in emerging economies in general and specially in Indonesia is still limited. This paper will enrich the understanding of sustainable finance implementation by private sector in developing countries especially in Indonesia context.

  • Taedong Lee (Moderator) | Professor, Yonsei University
  • Hye Yong Kim | Postgraduate Student, Seoul National University
  • Aires Afonso Mbanze | Research Assistant, Lúrio University
  • Taridi Kasbi Ridho | Senior Lecturer, State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta

* The International Young Scholars' Perspectives: Spotlight on National Initiatives for the SDGs is supported by Samsonite through the Samsonite Travel Grants awarded to presenters traveling from abroad.